As the share of students attending independent schools across Canada increases, the regulatory context of these non-government schools becomes increasingly relevant. Innovation, performance, and efficiency in this education sector can be enhanced by appropriate regulation and funding—or hindered by onerous or inappropriate regulation and funding—and thus other countries with long histories in independent schooling have lessons for Canada.

Since Sweden embarked on its educational reforms in the early s, its independent schooling sector developed and matured to the point where the share of students in Sweden enrolled in independent schools has increased significantly, rising from less than 2 percent in to Indeed, during this period education in Sweden was fundamentally transformed from one of the most centralized education systems in the OECD to one of the most decentralized.

Funding was decentralized from the national to the municipal level, public school choice opportunities increased, and a national voucher system allowed for-profit and non-profit independent elementary and secondary schools to receive funding equivalent to percent of the per-student allocation for average operating costs at local municipal schools.

Perhaps surprisingly, the most significant independent school enrolment growth occurred in the for-profit sector. In all, 64 percent of elementary and lower-secondary independent school students and 85 percent of upper-secondary independent school students attend for-profit schools.

Thus, not only do independent schools in Sweden attract one in seven lower-grade students and one in four upper-secondary students in the country, but the vast majority of those students attend for-profit institutions.

For-profit independent schools tend to enrol, on average, more students from lower socioeconomic backgrounds compared with non-profit independent schools. Currently, the ten largest chains of for-profit schools enrol 36 percent of all independent school students. The growth of independent schools has led to beneficial results. Both for-profit and non-profit independent schools are heavily regulated in Sweden.

Independent schools are required to follow the national curriculum, use progressive pedagogical approaches, meet instructional time requirements for each subject at the elementary and lower-secondary levelhire certified teachers, and be regularly inspected by both national and municipal inspectorates, and they may not be selective in the students they enrol. Students must participate in national proficiency tests in grade 3, 6, and 9 and additional ones in upper secondary school.

Although buildings and other capital assets are not funded, and thus full funding of independent schools is not achieved, a more level playing field for the schools and the families that choose them is created. For-profit independent schools should not only be permitted, but they should also be eligible for funding equivalent to non-profit independent schools, as they have stronger economic incentives and opportunities to start new schools, scale up excellent schools, and crowd out poorer performing schools.

It is important to learn from the lack of good information and output accountability of student performance in the Swedish system. Publishing output measures in terms of academic achievement, especially if constructed to generate value-added measures at the school level, as well as measures of parent satisfaction, gives parents and inspectors better information and holds all schools accountable.

Restrictive requirements on inputs as is the case in Sweden for curricula, pedagogy, and teacher certification should be minimized. Independent schools need flexibility in the professionals they hire and the curriculum and approaches to teaching they use. This mitigates the monopoly on teacher certification and protects against having to adopt harmful practices across the jurisdiction. Although independent schools in Sweden may neither use selective practices when enrolling students nor charge top up fees, more research is needed to consider the potential benefits of these practices.

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Who was Barbara Mitchell? Lessons from Sweden include: 1.As the country's capital, Stockholm is at the centre of education in Sweden. It hosts more international schools than any other Swedish city and is home to the University of Stockholm, one of the best in the country.

In addition to Swedish public education, expat parents also have the option of sending their children to one of the many private or international schools in Stockholm.

Public schools follow the Swedish National Syllabus. These schools are administrated by the local municipality in which they are located, are taxpayer-funded and may not charge student fees. When children turn seven years old they are automatically placed in a nearby public school. Secondary school, which follows high school, is also voluntary, but each municipality is responsible to follow up on young people under 20 who do not study after high school.

Pupils choose from 17 national programmes as well as a large number of local programmes, specially designed programmes and the individual programme. Unlike many other countries, Sweden lacks a formal matriculation; rather, there are secondary schools aimed at providing basic access to college. The majority of Swedish children go to public schools, but instruction is in Swedish, so most expats choose to send their children to an international or private school instead.

This allows expat children to be taught in their mother tongue and continue with a syllabus that is familiar to them. Private schools in Sweden are called Friskolor.

some swedish lessons of independent schools

These schools are independent and do not have to follow the Swedish National Syllabus, although some still choose to. Swedish private schools are independent and run by individuals, associations or foundations. Private schools are, in principle, not obliged to follow the Swedish National Syllabus, but most private schools do.

More and more private schools are opening in Sweden and this means more competition, not least because parents can now choose which school they want their children to attend. The international schools in Stockholm are the most popular choice for expat parents in the city. These schools often teach children in their home language and follow the syllabus of a specific country. There is, however, a high demand for places in international schools and, as a result, there are usually long waiting lists.

Tuition is also usually expensive. These schools generally have classes taught in English or a different language, with Swedish language lessons forming part of the weekly syllabus. Schooling and education are highly valued in Sweden, and parents in Stockholm make regular use of private tuition for their children. Expats also often employ tutors, whether for Swedish language lessons, extra help with certain subjects, or just for their children to build some confidence in an unfamiliar environment.

Regardless of age, tutoring can be massively beneficial. Children with physical disabilities who can't attend regular schools due to the severity of their impairments have the right to specially adapted education. This includes blind or visually impaired students, deaf students, those with severe speech disorders, or other physical impairments.

Expat Arrivals is looking for locals to contribute to this guide, and answer forum questions from others planning their move to Stockholm. Please contact us if you'd like to contribute. With 86 million customer relationships in over countries, Cigna Global has unrivalled experience in dealing with varied and unique medical situations and delivering high standards of service wherever you live in the world.Education in Sweden is compulsory and free for all children attending public schools between the ages of seven and In addition to this system, expat parents also have the option of sending their children to a private or international school.

The academic year in Sweden starts in mid-August and runs to the beginning of June the following year, and is divided into two semesters; the autumn term and the spring term. There are several mid-term holidays during the school year. Children in Sweden start school when they are seven years old. Primary school is divided into three stages, consisting of elementary school, middle school and high school.

Education in Sweden

Primary school is followed by upper secondary school gymnasieskolawhich is not compulsory. Most children do fulfil secondary education to be able to get good jobs in the future. Public schools in Sweden are open to all and follow the Swedish National Syllabus. These schools are administrated by the local municipality in which they are located, are taxpayer funded and may not charge student fees.

10 Differences Between Schools In The US \u0026 Sweden

When children turn seven years old they are automatically placed in a nearby public school. Primary school is compulsory for children up to Grade 9, when the student is usually 16 years old. At this point, if the student wishes to continue with their education, they go into high school. Local public primary and high schools are free and funded by local taxes. Secondary school, which follows high school, is also voluntary, but each municipality is responsible to follow up on young people under 20 who do not study after high school.

some swedish lessons of independent schools

Pupils choose from 17 national programmes as well as a large number of local programmes, specially designed programmes and the individual programme. Unlike many other countries, Sweden lacks a formal matriculation; rather, there are secondary schools aimed at providing basic access to college. Most children in Sweden go to public schools, but expats generally choose international private schools for their children instead due to the language barrier. There are a number of private schools in Sweden, known as friskolor.

These schools are funded by local contributions from the home municipalities and notification, queue or registration fees may not be charged. Private schools are, however, allowed to accept donations. Swedish private schools are independent and run by individuals, associations or foundations. In some cases, there are groups that have formed to run several schools. Private schools are, in principle, not obligated to follow the Swedish National Syllabus, but most private schools do follow the national curriculum.

More and more private schools are opening in Sweden and this means more competition, not least because parents can now choose which school they want their children to attend, and funding follows the student to go to their chosen school. This is good for students because the competition pushes schools to perform better. International schools in Sweden offer the curriculum of a foreign country such as the UK, the US or other qualifications such as the International Baccalaureate.

These schools are primarily intended for students living in Sweden temporarily or under special circumstances. International schools expect a yearly fee and applications need to be made by contacting the school directly. Extra fees might apply if the children are not registered with their local municipality and do not have a Swedish personal number.

Children of all nationalities, including Swedish children, are welcome at most international schools. Regardless of age, tutoring can be massively beneficial.In this article, find out everything you need to know about the Swedish Education system and what sets it apart. Many Swedish families ask us to introduce a private tutor for their child either in the UK, or overseas and also trust us to give advice on school and university applications.

Visit Education Consultants. Eight out of ten children at this age spend part of their weekdays there. The interests and needs of children are also key components of their education in the preschool curriculum. Gender-aware education is increasingly common in Swedish preschools. The aim is for children to have the same opportunities in life, regardless of gender. There is a concerted effort to streamline education, as all students at primary school level take the same limited subject groups.

Critics claim it has lowered results significantly among talented students without raising them within other groups. A community where a private school offers its services must support it with the same amount of money, or vouchers, per student that it provides to public schools. The amount of financing per student is the same, and schools that receive vouchers cannot charge additional fees. Senior high school gymnasium is optional and free of charge. Senior high school programs run for three years.

Almost all students who finish compulsory school start senior high school. To be accepted into a national program, students must have passing grades in Swedish or Swedish as a second language, English and Maths.

For senior high school, students require passing grades in nine additional subjects, for a total of twelve. For a vocational program, students must have passing grades in five additional subjects, for a total of eight. As all education is publicly funded, all students have a large selection of choices.

This prevents limiting choices for those with a less fortunate background, as you find in the UK. Interestingly, Sweden have a school choice arrangements where you are able to choose any other state school or a private school at no cost to yourself. Reports from the Swedish National Agency for Education have warned that it is mostly better-educated, middle-class parents who take advantage of the right to choose schools.

Children from middle-class backgrounds tend to congregate in the same few, highly popular, schools. The number of independent schools in Sweden is growing, and today school choice is seen as a right. The Swedish government supports the establishment of independent schools, which must be approved by the Schools Inspectorate and follow the national curricula and syllabuses.

There are also a few international schools whose curricula follow those of other countries. These schools are partly funded by the Swedish government and are mainly aimed at the children of foreign nationals who are in Sweden for a limited time. The independent school system in Sweden, in which education is free and students have general access to schools with the freedom to choose among a variety of providers, has attracted interest from around the world.

In Sweden, some people think it is wrong to run schools for profit, and highlight examples of poor conditions and inconsistencies as a consequence of the system.

some swedish lessons of independent schools

Advocates of independent schools note the many positive results found in statistical surveys. One is that parents with children who attend independent schools are more satisfied than those with children in municipal schools. These schools are deliberately different from the state school model. The Kunskapsskolan at Kista is the opposite: no uniform, very informal discipline and teaching, an open-plan layout, and an emphasis on individualised learning rather than formal classes.

The students negotiate their own timetable each week and can do as few, or as many, formal classes as they wish.Site language: English. Start learning. The world's most popular way to learn Swedish online Learn Swedish in just 5 minutes a day with our game-like lessons.

Personalized learning Duolingo lessons adapt to your learning style. Exercises are tailored to help you learn and review vocabulary effectively. Receive immediate grading Interactive exercises provide instant feedback to help you improve your Swedish skills on the spot. Stay motivated with rewards Earn virtual coins, unlock new levels, and watch your fluency score rise as you master new words, phrases, and grammar.

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Duolingo for Schools The world's most popular language learning platform is now available for the classroom. Thousands of teachers are already using it to enhance their lessons. About Us.Education in Sweden is mandatory for children between ages 6 and The Christmas holiday from mid December to early January divides the Swedish school year into two terms. Preschool is free for low-income families and subsidized with a price ceiling for all families. Children between ages 7 and 15 attend comprehensive school where a wide range of subjects are studied.

All students study the same subjects, with exception for different language choices. The majority of schools are run municipally, but there are also privately owned schools, known as independent schools. Almost all students continue studying in 3 year long upper secondary schools where most students choose one out of 18 national programmes some of which are vocational and some preparatory.

For students not fulfilling the requirements for the national programmes, introductory programmes are available where students work to satisfy the requirements for the national programmes. The higher education system is compatible with the rest of Europe through the Bologna Process where degrees are divided into 3 cycles, basic level, advanced level and doctoral level. There are two degrees available in each cycle of different lengths. Universities have no tuition fees and student aid is available from the government.

Inthe Swedish parliament introduced a four-year primary school for children in Sweden, " folkskola ". In two grades were added to " folkskola ", grade 5 and 6. Schooling in Sweden became mandatory for 7 years in the s and for 8 years in the s. In the first version of the current compulsory school was introduced with Swedish children having 9 mandatory years in school — from August the year the child turns 7 to June the year the child turns The curriculum included two different study paths vocational and preparatory, this was however abolished in the revision.

In came another major revision increasing the emphasize on the theoretical subjects. In the grading system was changed and in the latest revision from the grading system was changed yet again this time also introducing grades from year 6. In realskolan was introduced for students wanting to continue studying after folkskolan it had varying length between 3 and 6 years.

In gymnasieskolan was introduced with a similar structure to the current version. These programmes lasted from between 2 and 4 years something that was changed in making all programmes 3 years long. Preschool is offered to all children whose parents are working, studying, unemployed or on parental leave from the age of one. From the age of 3, all children are eligible for at least 3 hours of preschool education every day for free. Fees for children being at preschool for more than 3 hours a day or under 3 years of age are based on family income and number of children.It is a common and understandable belief, in the U.

In contrast, Swedish students outperformed their U. Another PISA assessment conducted in revealed shortcomings in creativity, critical thinking, curiosity, and perseverance, and ranked Sweden 20 th out of 28 countries.

Depression and anxiety among children aged 10—17 also increased by more than percent from to Finally, there is a kind of malaise in the teaching profession. There is an acute shortage of teachers, mainly caused by a high dropout rate among students in education degree programs.

A further crisis component is the selection of applicants. A recent study showed that four out of ten active teachers are considering leaving the profession. This approach contends that knowledge and reality are subjectively constructed, which implies that knowledge cannot be transferred from teacher to student and that objectively measuring academic ability and achievement should not even be attempted.

Sweden has a long history of incorporating far-reaching social-constructivist ideas into the school system. At the same time, Sweden is also unique among Western democracies in its commitment to for-profit voucher schools and school competition. The third curriculum, enacted by a center-Right government inhad a more clearly expressed social-constructivist underpinning. It was not until the early s when the oldest teachers retired that this traditional culture was displaced by the new learning paradigm.

This proposal was realized in the curriculum. It did not come to include a prescribed content to be covered in the form of detailed course syllabi; it merely established a number of goals and objectives that it expected schools to concretize at the local level. The goals were unspecific and open to interpretation, which, in effect, transferred the responsibility for determining the content of and methods for elementary and secondary education from the state to the individual schools and their pupils.

In tandem with the revised curriculum, a new grading system was enacted.

some swedish lessons of independent schools

Heavily influenced by the social-constructivist view that objectively measurable knowledge does not exist, these grading instructions opened the door for arbitrary grading decisions and complaints about bad grades that could be easily dismissed as subjectively determined, leading to de facto negotiations between teachers and pupils.

With the changes to the curriculum and the grading system, there were no longer any institutional barriers to competition in dimensions other than educational quality, including grading. The lax framework of the school system, which did not specify in detail what was to be taught or what knowledge level pupils had to attain to be assigned a certain grade, allowed independent schools to begin inflating grades.

This phenomenon gave pupils and parents an incentive to choose independent schools to receive higher grades. The introduction of grade inflation forced public schools, as well as independent schools with high academic standards, to gradually adapt to remain competitive. It is an established fact that well-functioning systems of school choice and competition presuppose that the state holds schools accountable for their performance by measuring what knowledge their pupils have acquired—for example, through external exit exams.

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But the regulatory documents issued by the Swedish state invalidated the very conception of objective knowledge. These lessons from Sweden indicate that countries with a tradition of social-constructivist practices in their education system, and which are considering implementing or expanding market-based school reforms, should proceed with caution.

For example, the U.

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