In Islamic tradition, Muslims are called to the five scheduled daily prayers salat by a formal announcement, called the adhan. The adhan is also used to call believers to Friday worship at the mosque. The adhan is called out from the mosque by the muezzin, who stands either in the mosque's minaret tower if the mosque is large or in a side door if the mosque is small.
In modern times, the muezzin's voice usually is amplified by a loudspeaker mounted on the minaret. Some mosques play a recording of the adhan instead. The Arabic word adhan means "to listen. The muezzin or muadhan is a position of honor within the mosque. He is considered a servant of the mosque, selected for his good character and clear, loud voice. As he recites the adhan, the muezzin usually faces the Ka'aba in Mecca, although other traditions have the muezzin face all four cardinal directions in turn.
The institution of the muezzin position is a long-standing tradition, dating back to the time of Muhammad. Muezzins with exceptionally beautiful voices sometimes achieve minor celebrity status, with worshipers traveling great distances to their mosques in order to hear their renditions of the adhan. Share Flipboard Email. Islam Expert. Huda is an educator, school administrator, and author who has more than two decades of experience researching and writing about Islam online.
Updated April 05, Courtesy of Smithsonian Folkways Recordings. Arabic transliteration of the adhan is as follows:. Allahu Akbar! Ashhadu an la ilaha illa Allah. Ashadu anna Muhammadan Rasool Allah. Hayya 'ala-s-Salah. Hayya 'ala-l-Falah. La ilaha illa Allah. The English translation of the adhan is:. God is Great! I bear witness that there is no god except the One God. I bear witness that Muhammad is the messenger of God.
"The Adhan (Call To Prayer)" lyrics
Hurry to the prayer. Hurry to salvation. There is no god except the One God. As-salatu Khayrun Minan-nawm. Prayer is better than sleep.It is narrated in a number of saheeh ahaadeeth that the words al-salaatu khayrun min al-nawm prayer is better than sleep are to be said in the adhaan for Fajr. These ahaadeeth provide evidence for those who said that this should be said in the first adhaan which comes at the end of the night.
But the correct view is that it should be in said the adhaan which comes after the time for prayer has begun. That is for a number of reasons:. The word awwal first is in relation to the iqaamah, and the iqaamah is the second call to prayer. In Saheeh Muslim the adhaan which comes after the time for prayer begins is called the first adhaan. She said: He used to sleep during the first part of the night and wake up during the latter part, then if he had any need for intimacy with his wife he would satisfy that need, then he would sleep.
What is meant by two rak'ahs here is the regular Sunnah of Fajr, as stated by al-Nawawi in Sharh Muslim. In some saheeh ahaadeeth it is clearly stated that the adhaan in which this phrase appears is called adhaan salaat al-subh, adhaan al-fajr, etc.
These phrases indicate that this adhaan should come after the time for the prayer begins and the adhaan that is given at the end of the night comes before the time for prayer begins. These ahaadeeth include the following:. Yes, the this phrase should be mentioned in the first adhaan of Fajr, in accordance with the command of the Prophet peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him. That call is prescribed in order to wake those who are asleep and so that those who are praying qiyaam may go back.
It is not a call to announce the Fajr prayer. Whoever studies the ahaadeeth about this phrase will see clearly that they refer to the adhaan given to announce the time of Fajr, not the adhaan which is given at night just before dawn. End quote. As for the view of your teacher, that this phrase is comparing sleep with Fajr prayer, this is not correct, because this phrase is stating that prayer is better than sleep and thus encouraging the sleeper to stop sleeping and get up to do something that is better.
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Create new account Log in. Reset password. English en. When should the words al-salaatu khayrun min al-nawm prayer is better than sleep be said? In the first adhaan or in the second? Publication : Views : I have been studying with this Shaikh in Dubai for the last two years. If my Teacher is correct, why is it being followed in Mecca and Madina as well.
Please give me your comments.Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. Ash-hadu alla ilaha illa-llah. I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah. Ash-hadu anna Muhammadar-Rasulullah. I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. Hasten to the Prayer, hasten to the Prayer. Hasten to real success, hasten to real success. La ilaha illa-llah. There is none worthy of worship but Allah.
As-Salatu khairun min an-naum, As-Salatu khairun min an-naum. Prayer is better than sleep, Prayer is better than sleep.
La hawla wa la quwwata illa billah. There is no might or power except with Allah. Iqamah Standing Up For Prayer. Iqamah means to stand up for the Salah ritual Prayer. It is a S unnah practice of the Prophet to call the iqamah just before the Salah begins, whether the salan is performed individually or in congregation.
Qad qamati-s-Salah, Qad qamati-s-Salah. Prayer is ready, Prayer is ready. Aqamaha-llahu wa adamah a.April 3, References Approved. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. There are 14 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewedtimes. Learn more The Iqama also Iqamah is the Islamic second call to salah prayerwhich signals that it's time for the prayer to start.
It's recited by a caller, usually the muezzin also Mu'adhdhin in a mosque, after the first call to prayer, which is called the Athan also Adhan. If you want to recite the Iqama, it's best to memorize it so you can say it alone or repeat it after a caller. Tip: If you're praying alone, it's not required that you say the Iqama.
Part 1 of One of the most distinctive soundscapes associated with traveling in the Islamic world is hearing the call to prayer adhan five times each day. God is the greatest Allahu akbar ; intoned four times.
I testify that there is no God but Allah Ashhadu anna la ila ill Allah ; intoned twice. Come to prayer Hayya alas salah ; intoned twice. Another line is sometimes added to the first prayer of the morning pre-sunrise : Prayer is better than sleep Assalatu khayrum minan naum ; intoned twice. Today, however, a muezzin or imam typically recites the call into a microphone in the main prayer hall, where it is then broadcast through loudspeakers installed on the minarets.
Since these times are associated with visual observations of the height of the sun in the sky, prayer times change ever-so-slightly on a daily basis.
Visit this website to get up-to-date prayer times for the city that you are visiting: islamicfinder. Guide to the Islamic Call to Prayer Adhan. Listen to the call to prayer. English translation. Listen to the history of Islam. Minaret as broadcast tower.
Five times a day. It is helpful to be familiar with the five daily prayer times: Fajr Dawn the first appearance of light on the eastern horizon. Dhuhr When the sun begins to descend after reaching its highest point in the sky. Asr When the shadow of an object is the same length as the object itself, plus the shadow length at dhuhr. Tips for visiting mosques. The mihrab and qibla direction. It faces Mecca aka Makkah in Saudi Arabia — specifically the Kaaba shrine in the Great Mosque al-Masjid al-Haram — and highlights the direction of prayer; this is known as the qibla direction.October 15, References Approved.Amazing Adhan by Mishary Alafasy
To create this article, 48 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. There are 10 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewedtimes. Learn more The adhan is a special Islamic call to salah prayer.
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A mu'addhin calls the adhan from the minaret of a mosque to announce every prayer and worship event. According to Islamic custom, the adhan is also the first thing that a newborn baby should hear. You can say the words in English, Arabic, or any other language that is meaningful to you. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being.
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Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. To call the adhan, first perform Wudu by gargling water 3 times, inhaling water into your nose to clear your breathing passages, and washing your face, feet, and forearms 3 times. Then, center yourself quietly for a few moments and focus on what this moment means to you.
Next, locate the direction of the Kabba in Mecca and stand facing that direction on the highest place you can find.
Finally, plug or cover your ears and recite the words slowly and clearly in a loud voice. For more guidance, including how many times to recite each line, scroll down!
Did this summary help you? Yes No. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker.It was introduced in the first year of the Hijrah at Madinah. The cause of its introduction, in the opinion of the Imamis, was that Gabriel came down with the adhan in a message from God to the Prophet S. When he related his dream to the Prophet She approved it.
The Hanbalis observe: It is not valid to make adhan for a funeral prayer salat al-janazah or for a supererogatory prayer al-salat al-nafilah or for one performed to fulfil a vow al-salat al-mandhurah.
All the schools concur that Taharah is not required for adhan.
The Way to Recite Adhan
The schools differ regarding other aspects. The other schools require niyyah. The Hanbalis consider making adhan in any language other than Arabic as being unconditionally valid. The Imamis observe: Adhan is not valid before the arrival of the time of salat except in the case of salat al-fajr. The Hanafis do not permit it, making no difference between salat al-fajr and other salat s.
This opinion is closer to caution. Allahu akbar -- four times according to all the schools and twice according to the Malikis.
The Five Schools of Islamic Law
It is Mustahabb recommended to also say at this point:Ashhadu anna Aliyyan wali Allah - twice according Imamis only. La ilaha illallah -- once according to the four schools and twice according to the Imamis. The Imamis prohibit it. For both men and women it is mustahabb to recite iqamah before every daily obligatory salatwith the salat immediately following it.
The rules applicable to adhansuch as continuity, sequence, its being in Arabic, etc. Its form is as follows:. Allahu akbar - -twice according to all the schools except the Hanafis who require it four times. Qad qamat is-salat -- twice in the opinion of all schools, except the Malikis who recite it once.
Skip to main content. Adhan is Invalid in Certain Cases The Hanbalis observe: It is not valid to make adhan for a funeral prayer salat al-janazah or for a supererogatory prayer al-salat al-nafilah or for one performed to fulfil a vow al-salat al-mandhurah.
The Form of Adhan The following is the form of adhan : Allahu akbar -- four times according to all the schools and twice according to the Malikis. Ashhadu an la ilaha illallah -- twice according to all the schools. Ashhadu anna Muhammadan rasul Allah - twice according to all the schools. Allahu akbar -- twice according to all the schools.
Its form is as follows: Allahu akbar - -twice according to all the schools except the Hanafis who require it four times.
Allahu akbar -- twice in the opinion of all the schools. La ilaha illallah -- once in the opinion of all the schools. The Imamis observe: It is mustahabb for a woman to say adhan for her salat, though not as a call to prayer. The four Sunni schools consider iqamah as mustahabb and adhan as makruh for women. Ibn Rushd in Bidayat al-Mujtahid ed. Al-Ihtidar 2. Woman and Her Maharim 3. Children 6. The Colour, Not the Shape 8. The difference between Looking and Touching 9.